Write an essay on the history of elections in Texas post “reconstruction”, including in the essay, timelines post-Civil War and potential barriers that “disenfranchised” groups of potential voters such as white primaries and poll taxes. Additionally you need to identify how the federal courts have ruled respecting elections and/or rules that might impose barriers to voting as well as actions of the US Congress to try and prevent voter disenfranchisement. Include the most recent rulings as it pertains to the Texas Voter ID law, identifying all of the various courts that have ruled on the challenge to the law to include the significance of the 5th Circuit Court that ruled the voter ID law, meaning why would that court ruling against Texas be so surprising. You will also need to identify any US Constitutional rights that might have been violated by the state that contributed to the federal government intervening in a states reserved power.
Terms that I will be looking for in the essay, include but are not limited to the Nineteenth Amendment, suffrage, poll tax, white primary, motor voter law, early voting, early registration, reapportionment, redistricting, Voting Rights Act of 1965, preclearance. Identify how the voter ID law in Texas impacted Jim Wright and why it shed a national spot light on the Voter ID law.